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Varijabilnost prinosa i kvaliteta sorti lucerke

dc.creatorKatić, Slobodan
dc.creatorLukić, Danilo
dc.creatorMilić, Dragan
dc.creatorMihailović, Vojislav
dc.creatorKaragić, Đura
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-26T17:58:36Z
dc.date.available2021-04-26T17:58:36Z
dc.date.issued2003
dc.identifier.issn0354-7698
dc.identifier.urihttp://fiver.ifvcns.rs/handle/123456789/193
dc.description.abstractThe paper reviews the yields, morphological traits and chemical composition of dry matter of domestic and foreign alfalfa cultivars which were tested with the objective of including superior cultivars in the program of alfalfa breeding for increased yield and quality of dry matter. Tests were conducted at the Rimski Šančevi experiment field of Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, on the limeless chernozem soil in the period 1998-2002. Twelve alfalfa cultivars were tested: NS Banat ZMS II NS, Mediana ZMS V (domestic cultivars), Prista, Storgozia, Victoria, Obnova 10 (Bulgaria), RCIN 60, RAMP 40, RSI 20, RGI 50, RN 30 and RA 10 (Spain). The domestic cultivar NS Banat ZMS II was distinguished for high yields of dry matter (18.62 tha'1, Table 3), the cultivar NS Mediana ZMS V for excellent quality (23.74%). The Bulgarian cultivars Storgozia and Victoria and the Spanish cultivars RCIN 60 i RAMP 40 had high yields of dry matter, long internodes, reduced portions of leaves in the yield and somewhat lower contents of crude proteins (Tables 3, 4 and 5). Regeneration was fastest in the Spanish cultivars RAMP 40, RSI 20, RGI 50 and RA 10. The Bulgarian cultivar Victoria and the Spanish cultivars RAMP 40 i RGI 50 had the tallest plants (Table 4). Shortest internodes were registered in RN 30. The domestic cultivars had short internodes too, which made them tolerant to lodging. Long internodes and susceptibility to lodging were observed in RA 10, Victoria, RCIN 60, RGI 50 and RSI 20. The domestic cultivars (NS Mediana ZMS V and NS Banat ZMS II) had high portions of leaves in the yield (47.1 % and 46.2%, respectively). This was an indication of good quality because leaves contain more proteins and less cellulose. A high portion of leaves was also registered in the Spanish cultivar RAMP 40 (46.1%), (Table 4). NS Banat ZMS II and NS Mediana ZMS V had high contents of crude proteins (Table 5). High contents of crude proteins were also registered in Victoria, RSi 20 and RN 30. The cultivar RCIN 60 had a low content of crude proteins (20.09%). A low contents of crude cellulose was observed in the cultivar RN 30 (22.23 %).en
dc.description.abstractU radu su predstavljeni prinos, morfološke osobine i hemijski sastav suve materije domaćih i stranih sorti lucerke, u cilju sagledavanja mogućnosti uvođenja ispitivanih sorti u program oplemenjivanja lucerke na veći prinos i kvalitet suve materije. Analizirane su sledeće sorte: NS Banat ZMS II NS Mediana ZMS V (domaće sorte), Prista, Storgozia, Victoria i Obnova 10 (iz Bugarske), RCIN 60, RAMP 40, RSI 20, RGI 50. RN 30, RA 10 (iz Španije). Visokim prinosima suve materije odlikuje se domaća sorta NS Banat ZMS II (18.62 t ha1), od stranih Storgozia (18,16 t ha1) RCIN 60 (18,21 t ha1) i RS1 20 (17,92 t ha"1). Najbržu sposobnost regeneracije imaju španske sorte RAMP 40 RSI 20, RGI 50 i RA 10. Najviše biljke imala je sorta Victoria i sorte RAMP 40 i RGI 50. Najkraće internodije imala je sorta RN 30 a takođe, i domaće sorte su se odlikovale kraćim internodijama što ih čini tolerantnijim prema poleganju. Dugim internodijama i osetljive prema poleganju bile su sorte RA 10, Victoria, RCIN 60, RGI 50 i RSI 20. Domaće sorte (NS Mediana ZMS V i NS Banat ZMS II), su se odlikovale većim udelom lišća u prinosu (47,1 % i 46,2 %), što posredno ukazuje na bolji kvalitet, jer lišće sadrži vise proteina a manje celuloze. Visok udeo lišća imala je i španska sorta RAMP 40 (46,1%). Visokim sadržajem sirovih proteina odlikovale su se domaće sorte NS Banat ZMS II i NS Mediana ZMS V. Pored domaćih, visokim sadržajem sirovih proteina isticale su se i strane sorte Victoria, RSI 20 i RN 30. Manji sadržaj sirovih proteina imala je sorta RCIN 60 (20,09%). Malim sadržajem sirove celuloze ističe se sorta RN 30 (22,23%).sr
dc.publisherInstitut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.sourceZbornik radova Instituta za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo
dc.subjectalfalfaen
dc.subjectcultivaren
dc.subjectchemical composition and dry matter yielden
dc.subjectmorphological traitsen
dc.subjectlucerkasr
dc.subjectsortasr
dc.subjecthemijski sastav i prinos suve materijesr
dc.subjectmorfološke osobinesr
dc.titleVariability of yield and quality of Falfa cultivarsen
dc.titleVarijabilnost prinosa i kvaliteta sorti lucerkesr
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseARR
dc.citation.epage89
dc.citation.issue38
dc.citation.other(38): 79-89
dc.citation.spage79
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://fiver.ifvcns.rs/bitstream/id/840/190.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubconv_159
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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