Mode of inheritance and combining ability for plant height and head diameter in sunflower (helianthus annuus l.)
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The development of sunflower hybrids with high genetic potential for seed and oil yields requires information on the general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) for plant height and head diameter in the F-1 generation. Used in this study were thirteen new divergent cms inbred lines (A), three Rf restorers utilized as testers, and their F-1 hybrids. The inbred A-lines, Rf-testers and F-1 hybrids differed significantly in the mean values for plant height and head diameter. The mode of inheritance for plant height was superdominance of the better parent and for head diameter it was dominance and superdominance of the better parent. Highly significant positive values of GCA for both traits were found in cms inbred line NS-G-7 and restorer line RHA-N-49. Based on the GCA values chosen were lines with the best GCA for plant height (NS-G-9, NS-G-7) originating from PRA-RUN and head diameter (NS-G-13, NS-G-12) originating from DES. The greatest highly significant posit...ive SCA value was found in NS-G-1xRHA-N-49 for plant height and in NS-G-8xRUS-RF-OL-168 for head diameter. Non-additive genetic variance played the main role in the inheritance of both traits as confirmed by the GCA/SCA ratios in the F-1 generation, which were invariably smaller than unit. The female A lines had the highest contribution to the expression of head diameter and plant height.
Keywords:combining ability / gene effect / head diameter / plant height / sunflower
Source:Genetika-Belgrade, 2014, 46, 1, 159-168
- Društvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd