Quality of alternative oil and protein crops
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The most important oil and protein plant crops belong to different families. Constant increase in demand for plant oils used as food or for processing industry inspired evaluation of other, insufficiently used plant species for breeding and commercial production. Fifteen plant species were grown during 2010 on a quarantine plot of the Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops in Novi Sad. Oil and protein content was determined in the seeds accordingly. The highest oil content was found in castor oil plant (52.28%), and the lowest in chard (4.58%). Protein content was highest in white mustard (39.54%), and lowest in castor (13.12%), while the largest total content of oil and protein was found in oil gourd (82.62%), and the lowest in chard (21.94%). Selected species will be included in further research as a source of oil and protein for various purposes.
Keywords:Alternative crops / Oil content / Protein content
Source:CEFood 2012 - Proceedings of 6th Central European Congress on Food, 2012, 437-440
- University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technology