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Indeks pleva - pokazatelj produktivnosti i kvaliteta plevičastih pšenica

dc.creatorUgrenović, Vladan
dc.creatorFilipović, Vladimir
dc.creatorPopović, Vera
dc.creatorGlamočlija, Đorđe
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-26T19:21:09Z
dc.date.available2021-04-26T19:21:09Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.issn0354-5881
dc.identifier.urihttp://fiver.ifvcns.rs/handle/123456789/1487
dc.description.abstractWheat with hulled grain is einkorn (Triticum monococcum L), emmer (Triticum dicoccum Schrank) and spelt wheat (Triticum spelta L). During the wheat harvest spikes decompose to spikelets in which the grain (caryopsis) is tightly wrapped in chaffs and glumes. Since this hulled grain is improper for human diet it is necessary to peel it off mechanically before the use. The seed, i.e. the grain of true cereals, has about a hundred of characteristics, of which 20% have significance for the market, while 10-15% is officially studied. Hulled grain or hulled seed is the term that exists in the market of world trade. Introduction of hulled wheat into production and its growing presence on the market imposes the need for a clearer presentation of the grain presence in the crowd of hulled grain. As a result of our previous studies on spelt wheat we defined the term - the hull index (HI), that presents the ratio between the weight of un hulled and hulled grain. H=YDG/YHG x 100 Calculation formula: HI - hull index YDG - yield of dehulled grain YHG - yield of hulled grain This term can be used in research as an indicator of hulled wheat productivity, while in the trade it could indicate the grain quality more clearly, whether it was a seed or mercantile goods.en
dc.description.abstractPšenice plevičastog ploda su jednozrnac (Triticum monococcum L), dvozrnac (Triticum dicoccum Schrank) i krupnik (Triticum spelta L). Pri žetvi ovih pšenica klas se raspada na klasiće u kojima je zrno (caryopsis) čvrsto obavijeno plevama i plevicama. Ovakav plevičasti plod nepodesan je za korišćenje u ishrani ljudi, pa ga je pre upotrebe potrebno mašinski oljuštiti. Seme, odnosno zrno pravih žita, ima oko stotinu osobina, od njih 20% ima značaj za tržište, dok se 10-15% zvanično ispituje. Na tržištu u svetskom prometu kao kategorija za plevičaste pšenice, često figurira plevičato seme ili zrno. Uvođenje u proizvodnju kao i sve veća zastupljenost proizvoda od zrna ovih pšenica na tržištu, nameće potrebu za jasnijim prikazivanjem odnosa zrna u masi plevičastih plodova. Kao rezultat rada naših predhodnih istraživanja na krupniku, definisan je termin - indeks pleva (IP) koji predstavlja odnos između mase oljuštenog zrna i plevičastog zrna. Ovaj termin može poslužiti u istraživačkom radu kao pokazatelj produktivnosti za plevičaste pšenice, a u prometu zrna ovih pšenica može jasnije da ukaže na kvalitet, bilo da se radi o semenskoj ili merkantilnoj robi.sr
dc.publisherDruštvo selekcionara i semenara Republike Srbije, Beograd
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Integrated and Interdisciplinary Research (IIR or III)/46005/RS//
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Integrated and Interdisciplinary Research (IIR or III)/46006/RS//
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
dc.sourceSelekcija i semenarstvo
dc.subjecthulled wheaten
dc.subjecthulled grainen
dc.subjecthull indexen
dc.subjectplevičaste pšenicesr
dc.subjectplevičasti plodsr
dc.subjectindeks plevasr
dc.titleHull index: Indicator of hulled wheat productivity and qualityen
dc.titleIndeks pleva - pokazatelj produktivnosti i kvaliteta plevičastih pšenicasr
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseBY-SA
dc.citation.epage37
dc.citation.issue2
dc.citation.other21(2): 31-37
dc.citation.rankM52
dc.citation.spage31
dc.citation.volume21
dc.identifier.doi10.5937/SelSem1502031U
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://fiver.ifvcns.rs/bitstream/id/420/1484.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubconv_817
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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